Tachograph symbols are used to record the status of drivers. They explain when they’re driving, resting and carrying out other work tasks.
Knowing the meaning of the different tacho symbols is a vital part of a fleet manager’s job. The purpose of tachos is to ensure that drivers don’t exceed their regulated work hours. Understanding the symbols and using tachograph analysis helps ensure this doesn’t happen.
Find out what the different symbols are and what they mean for your business.
A tachograph is a device installed to vehicles to record driving speed, distance, and time.
This is to ensure that employers and their employees abide by the laws relating to drivers’ hours, specifically those regarding the rest period and driving times of drivers.
The information is logged automatically and is stored in the unit memory of the vehicle and cards issued to the drivers.
There are two types of tachograph:
It’s a requirement under EU law to have a tachograph fitted to any professional vehicles that entered service from 1 May 2006.
This makes tachographs an essential part of fleet management.
Digital tachographs use driving symbols to show the different driver statuses during working hours. This is to make sure that the drivers don’t infringe the laws around their drive and rest times.
There are four legally recognised key symbols for tachograph devices.
This records the time a driver is using a vehicle and the engine is running, including when they’re parked.
This logs the time when a driver is still working but is doing work other than driving (the engine is off), such as moving goods from a stationary vehicle.
This accounts for the time when the engine of a vehicle isn’t on but the driver must be available to resume driving or take calls. This covers periods like when an international driver is on a ferry that’s in transit between countries.
This covers times when the driver is resting or taking a break, both during work hours and when they’re off shift.
The purpose of these symbols is to make it easier for fleet managers, company owners and drivers to understand the tachographs data.
There are two types of tachograph: digital and analogue.
All new HGVs sold in the UK from 25 June 2019 must have a digital tachograph fitted. This benefits both enforcement agencies and drivers, as it means vehicles can be assessed for compliance without needing to be stopped and physically checked.
Companies using arctic vehicles must also be aware of tachographs. Arctic vehicles are refrigerated transport lorries. People driving these vehicles are subject to the drivers’ hours rules, meaning their status must be recorded. Tachographs collect this information and help companies using arctic vehicles to meet the compliance requirements around drivers’ hours rules. Some farmers also use tachographs to benefit from the information they collect.
A digital tachograph records a driver’s information via a smart ID card. These driver’s cards show important information about the driver, including a photo of them, their date of birth and expiry date — not unlike their driving licence.
The smart card is authorised before the drivers start their shift. Once they’ve been approved to begin working, the drivers put their cards into the tachographs card slots and the devices then automatically record and store their work statuses.
Drivers must manually enter their details onto an analogue tachograph. They do this by writing their work mode onto a sheet of wax paper. This must then be physically put into the device at the start of their shift.
Due to the HGV legislation introduced in 2019 and the accuracy and simplicity of digital tachographs, analogue tachographs have largely been replaced by digital devices.
This is because the requirement to make manual entries increases the risk of errors significantly, something that could lead to a driver working longer than they should and breaching the drivers’ hours regulations for their drivers.
It’s a legal requirement for tachographs to be fitted in professional vehicles. Fleet managers and owners of transport companies are responsible for ensuring that is the case for their vehicles.
As a result, fleet managers and operators have various responsibilities, which include:
Every professional vehicle must have a tachograph fitted. You must do this to monitor your drivers and failure to do so will mean your company will be in breach of the laws concerning drivers’ hours.
Monitoring your drivers isn’t only a legal requirement for your business, it’s also an important way of reviewing their performance and finding areas for improvement. You can do this with a telematics device.
Telematics devices record a range of data, such as average speed fuel usage, engine idle times and vehicle location. You can review the information collected by your telematics devices and use it to ensure your drivers are using your vehicles efficiently.
Check out our telematics page to discover more about how these devices can help your business.
iCompario is the free online marketplace for business products and services, where managers and owners can research and rapidly compare fuel cards, vehicle tracking systems, insurance, telecoms and other essentials. The team follows up online queries by telephone so every site visitor finds their ideal, future-proof product at the best price possible.