Of the billions of tonnes of greenhouse cases that are emitted each year worldwide, a huge percentage of these come from transportation. Cars, vans, planes, trains and everything in between, every mode of transport—even electric vehicles—contributes to the sector’s emissions.
Driving your own car is one thing, but if you manage a fleet of vehicles then the impact on the environment is even higher. And the larger the vehicles in your fleet, the more pollution it produces.
Although you cannot totally eliminate your fleet’s emissions, there are many steps you can take to mitigate their level and the impact it has on the environment.
Tips for Reducing a Fleet’s Emissions
You don’t need to replace your entire motor fleet with brand new, top of the range electric vehicles to make a difference to its emissions. There are plenty of simpler things you can do which will still reduce your emissions and save money on fuel and maintenance costs at the same time.
1. Monitor the Activity and Habits of Your Fleet Drivers
How can you fix something that you don’t know is broken? The first step to achieving lower emissions is to monitor your fleet drivers’ activities and their habits.
In addition to letting you track the whereabouts of your vehicles, most vehicle tracking systems can be easily installed into vehicles that record information such as acceleration, speed, harsh braking and idling, amongst other things, to paint a picture of each driver’s habits and overall performance.
All the above actions use more fuel than is necessary and not only does this cost you more money in fuel expenditure, but it also increases the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by your fleet.
Vehicle tracking systems can also be used to deliver real-time prompts to your fleet drivers on when their behaviour needs correcting. For example, an LED light can be fitted to the dashboard and flash whenever the driver does something that they shouldn’t.
2. Optimise Driver Routes
Using live GPS tracking, vehicle tracking systems can be used to provide drivers with optimum directions along a chosen route. These work in a similar way to sat navs, and they also account for real-time traffic updates to find the optimum routes for drivers. This makes sure that the shortest possible journey is taken which reduces your fleet’s fuel usage and greenhouse gas emissions.
Effective route planning and real-time changes in response to real-time conditions also maximises your business vehicle efficiency, improving productivity and eliminating the need to add more vehicles to your fleet to meet increasing demand.
Other tools such as e-route from iCompario can be used to help your drivers locate the closest fuel station that accepts the fuel card that your fleet uses. This means that your drivers can get themselves straight to the nearest forecourt as quickly as possible, reducing the amount of time that is wasted by your drivers searching for one using a map. It also helps avoid long detours and congestion with live traffic updates.
3. Regularly Service and Maintain Fleet Vehicles
Fleet vehicles require regular servicing and maintenance. An aging fleet can not only have a catastrophic impact on road safety and cost more in maintenance and repairs, but it is less fuel efficient, too. Older vehicles are known to burn up to 30% more fuel than their newer counterparts that are in better shape and have the latest in technology on board.
Some small business owners think that it is better value for money to hold on to their vehicles for as long as possible and to not perform maintenance or upgrades unless it is absolutely necessary.
This is simply not the case.
Older vehicles are far less likely to be fitted with fuel-efficient features, making them more damaging to the environment. They are also far more likely to break down, costing your business money in unnecessary repairs that could have been avoided through periodic servicing, maintenance and upgrades. And guess what, fixing a broken-down vehicle is only a temporary solution—it can and will break down again. While it’s off the road, what is the impact in lost business?
Money that is invested into fixing your older vehicles could be better spent in upgrading them or procuring new ones altogether.
Other ways you can stay on top of vehicle maintenance includes ensuring tyres are properly inflated—A 2013 study by the Energy Saving Trust claims that driving with tyres under-inflated by 25% will increase fuel consumption by approximately 2%—and regularly checking fluid and battery levels.
4. Provide Driver Training and Promote Responsible Driving
There are lots of things that can contribute to using more fuel than is necessary. Vehicle idling is one of these things.
Vehicle idling is where a vehicle’s engine is turned on and running but the vehicle itself isn’t moving. It is an unconscious habit that many of us are guilty of and it contributes massively to greenhouse gases and is one of the main reasons why stop-start engines are now becoming more and more common. Idling is also one of the worst causes of fuel wastage, too. In a single hour of idling, a transit van can waste up to a litre of fuel, significantly contributing to CO2 emissions.
Another major cause of wasted fuel is aggressive acceleration and sudden, sharp braking. When combined with sharp braking, sudden acceleration can use up to one-third more fuel per mile than accelerating and braking done in good time. This increases proportionally with the size of a vehicle—bad news for fleets consisting of vans and HGVs.
Fortunately, idling, sharp braking, and harsh acceleration are quite easy to stamp out. When you install vehicle tracking systems, you can monitor your fleet drivers’ activities behind the wheel and identify people who may be ‘problem’ drivers.
By then following up on these findings with an education or training session, you can instil safe and responsible driving behaviour amongst your fleet drivers and encourage them to maintain safe and steady speeds, accelerate proportionately, and avoid vehicle idling. This will save you money on fuel costs and lower your fleet’s emissions.
5. Batch Deliveries and Make Less Journeys
Another way to significantly lower your fleet’s emissions is by reducing the number of journeys it makes. For a small business owner, this is one of the bigger and more difficult operational challenges that they will face… but it is possible to do with careful planning.
Many companies make journeys (e.g. deliveries) on a case-by-case, as-and-when basis. However, when you batch your journeys and condense them, it is possible to transport more over fewer journeys. While this is not possible for all businesses, it is certainly possible for those that regularly make deliveries.
For instance, a delivery could batch deliveries going to the same, or nearby, postcodes on a Monday and Tuesday together on the Monday to minimise the number of vehicles needed for delivery.
Reaching Zero Carbon
Although the above methods and strategies are useful for reducing a fleet’s environmental impact, none of them—and indeed nothing—can eliminate it entirely.
For businesses that are seriously concerned about their fleets’ environmental impact and want to make a real change, switching to electric vehicles is the way to go. For those that simply want to make a difference by making it easier to run their fleet and streamlining operational habits, or those that cannot switch to electric vehicles, following the above advice is the best thing you can do.
Start with Telematics Software and Fleet Management Software
As we mentioned above, it is hard to fix something you don’t know is broken. By far the best way to get a full, unbiased, and current picture of your motor fleet is to use a vehicle tracking system or telematics platform.
These gather information about your fleet, its drivers, and their habits which you can then act on by developing new company policies, delivering training courses, and fixing vehicle faults, amongst other things.
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Vehicle tracking can give you a bird’s eye view of your fleet at all times, making it quick and easy to manage all your drivers. You can deal with breakdowns or accidents immediately and even check the driver dashcam footage or speeding incidents from your mobile phone.
As a free comparison site, iCompario can help you find the right system for the right price.